Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions.
MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency pulses and a computer to produce detailed pictures of organs, soft tissues, bones and virtually all other internal body structures. It can be done on many areas of the body and is useful in finding tumors, bleeding, injury or infection.
Detailed MRI images allow physicians to better evaluate various parts of the body and determine the presence of certain diseases that may not adequately visible by other imaging methods such as X-ray, ultrasound or computed tomography (also called CT or CAT scanning).
CAMC’s imaging locations provide the latest technology in MRI, and radiology physicians and technologists have experience in several subspecialties of medical imaging, such as:
• Breast MRI – CAMC is the only hospital in the Charleston area to provide breast MRI. A breast MRI may detect abnormalities that
mammography and breast ultrasound do not. Physicians at The Breast Center also perform a type of breast biopsy that is guided by
MRI, called a stereotactic biopsy. Click here to learn more about breast MRI and preparing for this procedure. Breast MRI tests are
performed at CAMC Women and Children’s Hospital, CAMC Imaging Center – Kanawha City and CAMC Teays Valley Hospital.
• Neuroradiology – CAMC’s newest MRI, a 3 Tesla (3T) scanner located at CAMC General Hospital, features quicker scanning times
for many common procedures and is the first digital broadband MRI, which results in better, higher-resolution images. The 3T MRI
also allows physicians to perform several specialized tests, including functional MRI and NeuroQuant. Functional MRI examines the
anatomy of the brain, helps to determine critical functions of the parts of the brain (brain mapping) and helps neurosurgeons plan for
procedures. During a functional MRI, the patient is asked to perform specific tasks. NeuroQuant is a tool that screens for Alzheimer's
disease and other neurological disorders. It automatically measures the size of the structures in the brain and compares scans
against a national database, the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. It can both diagnose and monitor the disease's
progress over time. Click here to learn more about MRI of the brain and spine, including how to prepare for these procedures.
• Prostate MRI - MRI is an emerging tool for early imaging of prostate cancer and other prostate—related conditions. Prostate MRI
is a noninvasive technique that does not require exposure to ionizing radiation. CAMC’s high resolution 3T scanner paired with a
specialized surface coil means there is no need for an endorectal device. New computer-aided detection software and workstation
used by our radiologists enable advanced visualization and analysis of the prostate as well as MRI guided biopsies. Prostate MRI is
performed at CAMC General Hospital.
• Bone and Joint MRI – MRI of the bones, joints and tissues is performed at several CAMC Imaging locations. MRI can be used to
evaluate injuries, abnormalities and other issues. The 3T MRI at CAMC General Hospital provides increased image clarity to help
diagnose orthopedic issues. Click here to learn more about MRI of the bones, joints and soft tissues.
• Cardiac MRI – An MRI of the heart (cardiac MRI) may be performed to further evaluate signs and symptoms of cardiovascular
disease. Click here to learn more about cardiac MRI and how to prepare for the procedure.
• Large bore MRI - Large-bore MRI maximizes patient comfort by providing more space in the scanner, and is ideal for children,
claustrophobic patients and patients of larger size. Large-bore MRI is available at CAMC Women and Children’s Hospital and
CAMC Teays Valley Hospital.
Learn more about MRI procedures by visiting our Health Information Center.